Attention should be paid to the circuit constructi

2022-07-22
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Not only the quality of the telephone line should be guaranteed, in the selection of switches and sockets, it is best to choose brand products, or products with safety certification marks, and should be purchased in large building materials stores. Don't be greedy for bargains. Buy products without manufacturers and certification marks in some hardware stores, so as to avoid risks caused by fake and inferior products. In wet environments such as toilets, special moisture-proof sockets must be used. Air conditioners and other electrical appliances with large power consumption should be wired separately and use special sockets

not only the quality of the telephone line should be guaranteed, in the selection of switches and sockets, it is best to choose brand products, or products with safety certification marks, and should be purchased in large building materials stores. Don't be greedy for cheap. Buy products without manufacturers and certification marks in some hardware stores, so as to avoid risks caused by fake and shoddy products. In wet environments such as toilets, special moisture-proof sockets must be used. Air conditioners and other electrical appliances with large power consumption should be wired separately and use special sockets

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in the process of new house decoration, many citizens often pay attention to the quality and safety of carpentry and bricklaying, ignoring circuit installation. As everyone knows, the safety performance of these concealed works is more important. Once they are reworked, it will make you uncomfortable. The project is dynamic, time-consuming, laborious and expensive

Mr. Zhao, a citizen who has just bought a house, has moved into his new house for some time, but the phone at home suddenly stopped working. As soon as he made a call, there was a huge noise, which was unbearable. Originally, I thought it was the problem of telecommunications, but people from the telecommunications department came to test it. There was a problem with a telephone line buried under the floor tile. If you want to fix it, you have to pry the floor tile. At the thought of such a big project, Mr. Zhao was afraid and finally had to give up the phone line

the lines in the audio-visual room must be professionally designed

disaster prevention: the pipeline drawings should be retained

at present, in home decoration, water pipes, wires, telephone lines, cable TV lines, etc. are generally buried under the floor or in the wall, covered with cement, and then decorated on the surface. This fully enclosed way has caused many potential safety hazards, and also brought great obstacles to the maintenance of pipelines in the future

in fact, even in the book of commercial housing, there are few introductions to concealed works such as electrical lines. The owner cannot get a complete as built drawing of electrical lines when buying a house, and he does not know the situation of home wiring in the process of decoration. The knowledge of safe electricity use and wiring in the process of decoration can be said to be blank. Therefore, keeping a complete pipeline route drawing is a prerequisite to avoid problems and solve problems in the future, otherwise there is no way to start

at the same time, it must be noted that the construction personnel should hold the electrician's book issued by the relevant national departments to strictly prevent unlicensed construction

material: it is best to use copper wire

due to design reasons, at present, only one telephone line entrance is reserved in most houses. If you want to apply for a second telephone, it is rejected by the Telephone Bureau on the ground that you can't pull the line. Therefore, you can only make an article on the original telephone line and share a line in each room? Acupoint juxtaposition? snow. Therefore, the quality of telephone lines must be guaranteed, and the concealed telephone lines must be equipped with protective sleeves. Otherwise, once damaged, it will be troublesome to repair. If you want to use ISDN family, it is best to bury the ISDN line and configure the corresponding wide interface when decorating, so as to connect the special telephone or use the ISDN adapter to surf the Internet

not only the quality of the telephone line should be guaranteed, in the selection of switches and sockets, it is best to choose brand products, or products with safety certification marks, and should be purchased in large building materials stores. Don't be greedy for cheap. Buy products without manufacturers and certification marks in some hardware stores, so as to avoid risks caused by fake and shoddy products. In wet environments such as toilets, special moisture-proof sockets must be used. Air conditioners and other electrical appliances with large power consumption should be wired separately and use special sockets

in home decoration, it is best to use copper wire, because this kind of wire has better conductivity and high safety. The plastic pipe buried in the wall is also best to use rigid PVC pipe

Construction: pay attention to laying the floor wiring

in the wiring construction, if the ground is paved with the floor, whether it is composite or solid wood (bamboo), experts suggest that citizens should lay the wires at the foot of the wall behind the skirting board as far as possible, but embed a small section of wire pipe at the wall plug, door or through the wall to the back of the skirting board, and there should be no dead bend in the middle of the wire pipe, and leave lead wire in the pipe, Wait until the floor is paved but the baseboard has not been installed before threading the wires in. After the skirting board is installed, you will not see any traces of wiring, which is very beautiful

since floor laying is carried out in the final stage of decoration project, threading after floor laying can effectively prevent accidental damage to wires during long construction period. When citizens want to change or add lines, it is very convenient to remove the skirting board. Because the line pipe does not go under the floor, it is not necessary to cut off the wooden keel under the solid wood (bamboo) floor (except for the line pipe and the wooden keel with the same direction), so as to improve the construction quality and reduce or even avoid the possibility of sound when the solid wood (bamboo) floor is stepped on

if the floor of a new home is paved with floor tiles, it is best to embed conduit in the wiring. The function of conduit is not only to protect wires, but also to facilitate the replacement of wires

Renovation: aluminum wires should be replaced in the decoration of old houses

experts say that if citizens decorate old houses, the original aluminum wires must be replaced with copper wires. Because the aluminum wire is easy to oxidize, its joint is easy to ignite. According to the survey, the occurrence rate of electrical fire using aluminum wire is dozens of times that of copper wire. If only switches and sockets are replaced, it will lay hidden dangers for residents' future electricity use

in addition, a sufficient number of loops is essential for modern home life. After there are enough circuits, the normal operation of other circuits will not be affected when a short circuit or other problems occur in one circuit. According to the area of use, the lighting circuit can be two-way or three-way, the power socket can be three to four ways, the kitchen and bathroom can be one way respectively, and the air conditioning circuit can be two to three ways. An air conditioning circuit can have two air conditioners at most

relevant tips: wiring mode

in order to be beautiful and convenient for inspection and replacement, slotting, buried wire and concealed pipe laying are generally adopted. Follow “ in the wiring process; The live line enters the switch, and the zero line enters the lamp cap ” Principle of

leakage protection

except for the air conditioning power socket, other power socket circuits should be equipped with leakage protection devices

number of sockets

now the number and variety of electrical appliances in each household are increasing. Many families use the method of pulling the socket board to meet the power needs, but ignore the safety factor. As random pulling of indoor temporary wires often causes personal electric shock and electrical fire accidents, remember that the socket board is only allowed to be used temporarily

during decoration, the number of fixed sockets in the wall should be increased. It is suggested to refer to the standards of Hong Kong: four groups for each bedroom, one group for each 2.5 square meters for the living room and one group for each 1.2 square meters for the kitchen

socket type

in order to prevent children from electric shock, safety sockets with safety shields should be selected; Refrigerators and air conditioners should use their own independent three eye sockets with protective grounding; The toilet is easy to be wet, so it is not suitable to install ordinary sockets, but splash proof sockets should be selected

installation position

generally, the switch is 1.2-1.4 meters from the ground and 0.15-0.2 meters from the horizontal distance of the door frame. The switch height in the same room should be the same; The distance between the exposed socket and the ground shall not be less than 1.8m, and the distance between the concealed socket and the ground shall be 0.3m. Of course, the specific installation location also depends on the placement of furniture and electrical appliances

installation mode

the wiring requirements of single-phase two eye socket are: when it is horizontally arranged, “ Left zero right fire ”, When arranged vertically, “ Go up and down ”; The zero line and protective grounding wire of the three hole socket must not be wrongly connected

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